Tuesday, 13 August 2013

USCGC Escanaba

USCGC Escanaba (WMEC-907) is a US Coast medium endurance cutter based in Boston, Massachusetts. Her keel was laid on April 1, 1983 at Robert Derecktor Shipyard Incorporated, Middletown, Rhode Island. She was started on February 6, 1985 and is named for her precursor. USCGC Escanaba (WPG-77), which was named for the Escanaba River and Escanaba, Michigan. Escanaba (WMEC-907) was officially commissioned August 29, 1987 in Grand Haven, Michigan, the home port of her predecessor.

The initial Escanaba was sunk by either a mine or enemy torpedo on June 13, 1943, during World War II's Battle of the Atlantic, while accompanying a convoy off Newfoundland. There were merely two remains out of the 105-man crew.

Monday, 12 August 2013

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is a sole instrument based on cooperation and understanding among the nations for taking up a new outlook for monetary activities aiming at protecting the world eco-system. It is one of the flexibility methods defined in the Kyoto Protocol (IPCC, 2007) that grants for emissions reduction projects which produce Certified Emission Reduction units which may be traded in emissions trading schemes. 

The CDM is defined in Article 12 of the Protocol, and is proposed to meet two objectives:

  1. To aid developing countries in attaining sustainable development & in contributing to ultimate objectives of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC )
  2. To assist developing countries in achieving compliance with their qualified emission limitation & reduction commitments. "Annex I" parties are those countries that are scheduled in Annex I of the treaty, and are the industrialized countries. Non-Annex I parties are developing countries.